So this virus will cost billions in extra health and welfare payments, as well as the economic collapse.
Will the EU issue a type of corona bond, to help pay for it?
Or will Ireland for example, take out a 5bn bond for <1%, which is mostly bought by ECB to keep the borrowing cost down?
Theres 14 billion in Apple back taxes sitting there for the taking
I think even if the ruling is Apple must forfeit that 14bn, it gets divided out amongst all countries they filtered it through, so Ireland won’t get a good chunk of that.
It might also cause some potential large clients to think twice about basing in Ireland
The EU issuing bonds is technically, illegal. Something like ECB underwritten Corona bonds would be a direct violation of the treaties that make up the EU. Under the treaty that created the ECB, the Maastricht treaty, the ECB is not allowed to fund governments. Each individual government must fund themselves. This was considered the appropriate way to setup central banks at the time. By in large each central bank had rules like this at the time. Now it is considered a rather quaint idea from a simpler time.
In 2012 or so, the interpretation of the definition of not allowed to fund governments was fudged. The treaty was interpreted rather than not allowed to fund governments, it became in general not allowed to fund governments. Draghi spent a lot of effort building support for that fudge. Once he got support from all stakeholders he then held a famous press conference in which he said that the ECB would do what ever it takes.
The courts have played ball. So long as most of the money governments borrow comes from the primary markets, constitutional courts have decided to go along with the fudge. The German courts are the problem. They have put a number on the fudge. The ECB can fund up to a third of a government’s borrowing requirements. Any more than that and it is pushing the law from a fudge into too illegal territory.
The type of money being talked about would push the ECB funding of governments way way past the values the courts were willing to overlook.
Will there be Corona bonds underwritten by the ECB? I’m guessing yes. I suspect though that it will take time. Politicians will need to come up with a way of moving from a fudge into the territory of just ignoring what the constitution says. I’ve no idea how this will be done or how long it will take.
The ECB is currently underweight in Irish Government Bonds and is scheduled to rebalance its holdings over the next 2 years to reflect economic weights within the EU. Even without the coronabonds it would be buying (relatively) more Irish bonds and relatively fewer Italian ones as they come up for redemption.
Why not just issue some debt free money, then repay it back to the banks afterwards!